This mostly winter variant of soccer is excellent for developing offensive skills, but sometimes the defensive aspects of the game can be forgotten. Coaches, understandably, look to use their access to a perfect playing surface to coach offensive techniques, particularly first touch, dribbling and passing. However, futsal drills can provide opportunities for work on the defensive aspects of the game, which can often be transferred to the grass based 11 a side game.
An amazingly simple drill which is also extremely tiring for the defender, so players need to rotate regularly. Set up a small grid, approx. 5 metres x 5 metres. Attacking players are positioned along the outside of the grid. The drill can be 3 v 1, or for less experienced or younger players 4 v 1.
The attackers pass the ball between themselves; the defender must close down the space and try to stop the pass or intercept the ball.
- Body position is all:
- Close on the passer quickly
- Do not dive in
- Lower body with arms wide for a low center of gravity for a quick turn
- Approach very slightly on the turn, one foot slightly advanced in front of the other at the jockeying stage
- Only close in tight if the attacker has poor control; better to force a pass than be out of the game
- Try to dominate; force the player into making the harder pass, or with their weaker foot, by offering them fractionally more space on that side.
Make the grid larger and introduce a second defender to encourage communication and teamwork.
The defender cannot always prevent a shot, but they can attempt to weight the odds in their team’s favour. For this drill, the whole court is used. The coach plays the ball into the striker, who must turn and try to get in a shot. The coach shouts ‘left’ or ‘right’ which is the foot the striker will try to use to shoot. They score three points if they do shoot with this foot, one if the other foot is used. Their score is doubled if they score. The defender’s job is to ensure that the striker uses the OTHER foot to shoot or fails to get a shot away. They score two points if they succeed in this.
The defender cannot move until the striker touches the ball. He or she then sprints to get goal side. They angle their body and position themselves so that a shot with desired foot is difficult.
- Defender lines up on the foot intending to shoot
- They face towards the closest touch line, forcing the player wider still
- Do not dive in for the tackle or block until the striker either loses control or is about to shoot. Beware of the dummy.
- Eyes on the ball, not the player.
Coach calls the foot to use AFTER the striker has control, forcing the defender into making a later decision.
This is a great drill for developing concentration. Set up a 20-metre x 20 metre grid, or 15 m x 20 m rectangle is space dictates. Use cones to create 10-metre-wide goals on two of the opposite sides. These goals are numbered One and Two.
Players work in pairs, four pairs per grid, with one ball between each pair. Player one dribbles around the grid while their opponent shadows without looking to win the ball. At regular intervals, the coach shouts out either ‘One’ or ‘Two’. At this point the striker must try to dribble their ball through the appropriate goal, while the defender attempts to stop them.
The drill ends either when each attacker or defender has succeeded, or when the coach has allowed enough time, for example, fifteen seconds.
- During the shadowing phase, the defender should protect the nearest goal, giving them recovery time if the opposite goal is selected.
- The first aim of the defender when the goal is identified is to work to position themselves between their dribbler and that goal.
- Next, they adopt a good body position, sideways to the ball and showing the attacker onto their weaker foot, or away from the goal if more appropriate
- They move for the tackle only when the striker slightly loses control or is about to complete their part of the task.
Add goals onto the other two sides, encouraging the defender to constantly adapt their positioning.
Team Shadowing Futsal Drills
The same grid is set up as before, with this time just the one ball. The pairs act as before, although only one has a ball. When the coach calls out which goal to attack, the aim for the offense remains to dribble the ball, with control, over the line. The player with the ball acts as before, his or her three team mates, must sprint to their nearest outer line of the grid, then re-join as support players.
However, it is the defense upon whom we concentrate. The defender working with the dribbler acts as before. Their team mates must support to stop the ball being dribbled over the line.
- Defense works quickly to get behind the ball and protect the goal area.
- Nearest spare defender ensures that they cover behind the tackling defender.
- Other defenders cover the space across the pitch, as far as just outside the far post of the goal. If the play is switched through passing, the defense shuffles across as a unit.
- When the ball is passed, the nearest defender pressures the ball, the second covers and the remainder cover.
- Defenders move to man mark when an attacker moves into their ‘zone’. Otherwise, they cover space.
- Defenders focus on their body position, forcing players wide when they have the ball, and allowing a quick turn when defending.
To make the drill harder for the defense, make it into a Rondo by adding one or two ‘spare’ attackers.
In the diagram, the white dots represent attackers with the ball, the grey dots the positions to which they have moved after the coach identifies the goal to attack. The black figures are the defenders shadowing, with the yellow framed players demonstrating the defensive position they take up after the call.
This is a straightforward match which places the defense at a numerical disadvantage. Therefore, they must work hard to get behind the ball, support each other and communicate. The aims always are to drive the ball further away from goal and to make passing and shooting as difficult as possible.
Have two four a side teams including goalkeepers. Two additional players wear bibs. These are always on the side of the team in possession. Play the game.
- Team work
- Remember jobs – pressure the ball, support or cover space/runners
- Work quickly to get into position during transition, either winning possession or losing it.
A handy tutorial with live play can be found at:
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